Overview to the coups of 1987, 2000, 2006 and 2009 for “Coups and costs” category of posts
Overview to the posts in the category: “Coups and costs”
* Fiji’s development and that of the two major ethnic groups, has been totally undermined by military coups over the last 25 years, and the cycle of coups continues.
* The 1987 and 2000 coups, which removed the Indo-Fijian supported governments of Bavadra and Chaudhry respectively, were solidly backed by the Fijian political parties, the Great Council of Chiefs, the Methodist Church and indigenous Fijians in general. Indo-Fijians (people of Indian descent) were terrorised, houses burnt, and senior civil servants marginalized, leading to high levels of emigration and long-lasting bitterness against the Fijian ethno-nationalists.
* The 2006 Bainimarama coup against an indigenous Fijian government was backed by the Fiji Labour Party (initially), the Hindu and Catholic religious groups, and the Indo-Fijians in general. The leading lights of the Muslim, Gujarati, Chinese and the business communities have generally supported all post-coup governments, legal or illegal. The 2006 and 2009 coups removed the major Fijian political party from control of government, and suppressed the indigenous Fijian institutions of the Great Council of Chiefs and the Methodist Church.
* Bainimarama portrays himself as the saviour of Fiji during the 2000 coup, but there is an untold story of Bainimarama’s initial backing of the 2000 coup (which also may explain the shocking CRW mutiny against him in Nov. 2000 into which there has been no public inquiry, just as there has been no public inquiry into the 2000 coup. Bainimarama attempted to abrogate the 1997 Constitution even then, until told otherwise by Justice Gates. Bainimarama did not reinstate the Chaudhry Governent when he regained control (see this segment of my Final Submission to the Yash Ghai Commission below- https://narseyonfiji.wordpress.com/2012/12/27/wadan-narsey-final-submission-to-yash-ghai-commission-in-segments/g-who-is-responsible-for-the-coup-culture-and-how-eliminate-it/)
* Bainimarama claims that he implemented the 2006 and 2009 coups with the objective of ensuring racial equality, elimination of corruption and ensuring transparency of government. These claims are extremely hollow, as is argued by several articles here, but especially this presentation at James Cook University (which also explains where Affirmative Action for indigenous Fijians is not called for and where it is):
Whatever the stated objectives, the one undisputed result of the 2006 and 2009 coups has been the increased militarisation and control of all the executive arms of government, with all remaining senior military officers benefiting enormously, and with a judiciary in tow, also benefiting from the coups.
* The coup culture continues in Fiji because of the widespread lack of commitment of social, religious, legal, corporate and university leaders to the fundamental principles of constitutionality, democracy, basic human rights (including freedom of speech).
My Final Submission to the Yash Ghai Commission is a reasonably good introduction to the whole subject matter.
Especially note the economic consequences of the 2006 and 2009 coups which have affected Indo-Fijians and indigenous Fijians equally badly:
With the rejection of their own Yash Ghai Constitution Commission’s Draft Constitution Report, the Regime has lost all credibility.
The extent of their attachment to genuine democracy and constitutionality will become evident when they publicise their own Constitution in a month’s time.
Professor Wadan Narsey (13 February 2013).